Humans can take measures to promote population control. Individuals may use various forms of birth control to prevent pregnancies, while governments may offer financial incentives to discourage people from having too many children. For example, between 1980 and 2015, China imposed penalties on individuals who had more than one child.
Controlling the animal population is more challenging. Animals can’t opt to use birth control, and their instincts prompt them to reproduce. Consequently, people have a significant impact on the animal population. Let’s explore some animal population control methods.
1. Hunting is one way of controlling the population.
Hunters use their skills to track and kill animals. Civilizations have engaged in hunting for thousands of years. People hunted to secure food and survive in ancient times, although some hunted for sport to demonstrate their skills.
Today, government agencies regulate hunting activities. For example, the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission oversees fishing licenses and regulations, while the Pennsylvania Game Commission oversees hunting land animals. You must have a hunting license unless you’re hunting on your property. Hunting’s usually restricted to designated hunting seasons, although your state may allow some out-of-season hunting on private property.
Avid hunters can support their hunting activities by purchasing hunting land. Contact real estate agents listing NY hunting land for sale to find a property. The real estate company features properties on its website and includes vital information in the listings, such as the number of acres and the current state of the property. Some properties may have logging roads, making it easier for buyers to access the land. You can also use the listings to determine if you can add a hunting cabin to the land. Realtors can help you find a suitable property to hunt for specific animals, such as deer and bears.
2. Trapping and removing animals promotes population control
Invasive species are animals that enter a new environment and begin to breed—invasive species, such as wild boars, damage crops. Since feral pigs weren’t part of the original ecosystem, there are no natural predators to help limit population growth.
Boars root for food, which involves pushing their snout into the ground repeatedly and causes environmental damage. Rooting compacts the soil, making it difficult for water and nutrients to penetrate the earth and reach plant roots. Rooting’s a problem for farmers because swine eat crops such as sweet corn. Boars can contaminate water supplies which spreads bacteria and parasites to livestock.
Removing wild boars from your property can be challenging because feral swine are intelligent. Texas wild hog control experts use cellular trapping techniques to remove herds. Hog control experts use their skills to expedite the removal process and use scouting cameras to ensure they capture and remove the entire herd so the swine don’t return to your property. You can also protect your land by installing hog-proof fencing.
3. Pet owners can have their animals fixed
Most pet owners pay to spay or neuter their dogs or cats, preventing unwanted litters. Municipal and state governments encourage pet owners to get their pets fixed by charging higher license fees for pets that aren’t spayed or neutered.
Many rescues also encourage pet owners to get their pets fixed. Some rescues include the cost of spaying or neutering in the adoption fees and refund this money once the owner supplies paperwork proving the pet’s spayed or neutered.
Your state’s humane society may also cover the cost of fixing feral cats. Individuals can trap feral cats and take them to their local animal shelter. Once the animal’s fixed, a small part of their ear tip’s removed, indicating they’re fixed. This prevents other people from capturing the animal and taking it to their local shelter.
Controlling the animal population prevents environmental damage. It also reduces the number of unwanted pets. Standard animal population control methods include hunting, trapping, and fixing wild animals.