Coronavirus

Coronavirus 1

A coronavirus is a kind of common virus that causes an infection in your nose, sinuses, or upper throat. Most coronaviruses are not dangerous.

Some types of coronaviruses are serious, though. About 858 people have died from Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS), which first appeared in 2012 in Saudi Arabia and then in other countries in the Middle East, Africa, Asia, and Europe. In April 2014, the first American was hospitalized for MERS in Indiana and another case was reported in Florida. Both had just returned from Saudi Arabia. In May 2015, there was an outbreak of MERS in Korea, which was the largest outbreak outside of the Arabian Peninsula. In 2003, 774 people died from a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak. As of 2015, there were no further reports of cases of SARS.

But In early 2020, following a December 2019 outbreak in China, the World Health Organization identified a new type, 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV). Often a coronavirus causes upper respiratory infection symptoms like a stuffy nose, cough, and sore throat. You can treat them with rest and over-the-counter medication. The coronavirus can also cause middle ear infections in children.

What Is a Coronavirus?

Coronaviruses were first identified in the 1960s, but we don’t know where they come from. They get their name from their crown-like shape. Sometimes, but not often, a coronavirus can infect both animals and humans.

Most coronaviruses spread the same way other cold-causing viruses do: through infected people coughing and sneezing, by touching an infected person’s hands or face, or by touching things such as doorknobs that infected people have touched. Almost everyone gets a coronavirus infection at least once in their life, most likely as a young child. In the United States, coronaviruses are more common in the fall and winter, but anyone can come down with a coronavirus infection at any time.

Common Symptoms of Coronavirus

The symptoms of most coronaviruses are similar to any other upper respiratory infection, including runny nose, coughing, sore throat, and sometimes a fever. In most cases, you won’t know whether you have a coronavirus or a different cold-causing virus, such as rhinovirus.

You could get lab tests, including nose and throat cultures and blood work, to find out whether your cold was caused by a coronavirus, but there’s no reason to. The test results wouldn’t change how you treat your symptoms, which typically go away in a few days.

But if a coronavirus infection spreads to the lower respiratory tract (your windpipe and your lungs), it can cause pneumonia, especially in older people, people with heart disease, or people with weakened immune systems.

What to Do About Coronavirus

There is no vaccine for coronavirus. To help prevent a coronavirus infection, do the same things you do to avoid the common cold:

  • Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and warm water or with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Keep your hands and fingers away from your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Avoid close contact with people who are infected.

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It is recommended to postpone unnecessary travel to risk areas of China. China’s risk areas are available on the WHO website. If you travel to China in areas at risk, it is recommended that you get vaccinated against seasonal flu at least two weeks before your trip. The flu shot simplifies the diagnosis and management of suspected cases, given the similar symptoms between Coronavirus and Influenza. In addition, by reducing complications from influenza in people at risk, it helps to keep emergency rooms more efficient. It is also recommended to: avoid visiting the markets for fresh food of animal origin and live animals avoid contact with people who have respiratory symptoms wash their hands frequently. If a person develops respiratory symptoms (cough, sore throat, breathing difficulties) while in risk areas, you should seek immediate medical attention. On your return, if you are not a citizen living in Italy, for any need, contact the Embassy or Consulate of your country. If in the two weeks following the return from risk areas, respiratory symptoms (fever, dry cough, sore throat, breathing difficulties) occur as a precaution: contact the free telephone number of the Ministry of Health 1500 wear a surgical mask if you are in contact with other people use disposable tissues and wash your hands regularly. If in the two weeks following the return from risk areas, respiratory symptoms (fever, dry cough, sore throat, breathing difficulties) occur as a precaution: contact the free telephone number of the Ministry of Health 1500 wear a surgical mask if you are in contact with other people use disposable tissues and wash your hands regularly. If in the two weeks following the return from risk areas, respiratory symptoms (fever, dry cough, sore throat, breathing difficulties) occur as a precaution: contact the free telephone number of the Ministry of Health 1500 wear a surgical mask if you are in contact with other people use disposable tissues and wash your hands regularly.

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About the Author: Piran Tarapore