What are the benefits?
Physical activity plays an important role in maintaining health, well-being and quality of life. People who participate in physical activity improve their health while increasing their life expectancy.
Benefits of physical activity
Among other things, physical activity helps:
prevent chronic diseases such as cancer, type 2 diabetes and heart disease;
improve attention, focus and other brain functions;
to maintain good mental health;
to decrease smoking.
Children 1 to 5 years of age should be active for at least 3 hours a day. They should develop their motor skills by participating in games and activities of varying intensity. These games and activities can take place indoors or outdoors and in a variety of environments, such as in the water or on the ground.
The older children get, the more they need to take part in sustained or effort-intensive games. For example, running and jumping are high intensity activities. Participation in these games and activities should gradually increase, until reaching at least 1 hour per day at the age of 5 years.
Children and adolescents should do at least 1 hour of moderate to high intensity physical activity each day. At least 3 times a week, they should include activities that strengthen muscles and bones.
The more active children and adolescents are, the more they feel the benefits.
Adults and seniors each week should do at least 2.5 hours of moderate to high intensity physical activity. Physical activity sessions should last at least 10 minutes. At least twice a week, they should include activities aimed at strengthening the muscles and bones, especially those of the thighs and legs.
Getting started with physical activity is easier than you think. Start with less intense activities, then gradually increase your level of physical exertion. The important thing is to integrate the movement into your everyday life. To achieve this, you can for example:
Choose an activity that you enjoy and that matches your personality. Go according to your preferences: activity that is practiced alone or in a group, indoors or outdoors, with a fixed or variable schedule, etc.
Walk to work, or park your car a little further than necessary and w alk to your workplace. If you are traveling by bus, get off a few stops before arriving at your destination and walk the rest of the way.
Use your immediate environment as a training ground. For example, do household chores like cleaning, gardening or shoveling yourself, which are good opportunities to get active.
To improve the state of health one must be physically active, adopting a correct lifestyle. Maintaining one’s state of health means anticipating the onset of serious pathologist such as hypertension , cardiovascular diseases , stroke and diabetes or, in any case, being able to limit the damage in time. L ‘ physical activity has the great merit of being a tool of prevention , as well as making efficient daily lives, improving the levels of strength, endurance, flexibility and well-being.
Anaerobic exercise is ideal for increasing muscle tone and lean body mass, it is mainly performed in the gym through free weights or isotopic machines. Aerobic physical activity stimulates the cardio respiratory system and improves the metabolism : in this sense nothing is better than a good run or a swim. Muscle strengthening then helps to keep muscles efficient , so as to be ready for overloads, both in the gym and in daily life. Finally, stretching reduces the risk of injury and trauma as it improves elasticity and stabilizes posture.
There has been a lot of talk about prevention in recent years, especially that related to sport : countless studies have shown the importance of exercise for the well-being of the body and mind. The prevention acts on several levels: in the first instance prevents the onset of a disease, but if the palogia is diagnosed, prevention helps in the diagnosis at the initial stage and in the resolution with limited complications.
As far as primary prevention is concerned , carrying out a healthy and regular physical activity, combined with a balanced diet, means gaining a better state of health from a qualitative point of view. In the event that a pathology is already in progress in the subject, physical activity intervenes in a “restorative” manner, as in the case of overweight or high blood pressure. The moviemento in this case can be used as a real rehabilitation therapy .