This section addresses the various safety issues relevant to machinery usage and the maintenance of workplace installations and equipment. In order to ensure safe use, the employer must examine exactly how the devices are used by the workers and implement necessary maintenance procedures. It should also provide specific advice on the use of lifting equipment and vehicle maintenance.
What should the employer do?
Before using the machine
Before starting to use a machine, the employer should think about the risks that may arise and how to deal with them. He should therefore comply with the following steps:
Check that the machine is complete, that all the protections are installed and that it is free from any defect. The term “protection” includes protections, locking devices, two-hand controls, light protection, pressure sensitive mats, etc. National legislation often requires suppliers to provide appropriate protections and to inform buyers of any risks (“residual risks”) that users should be aware of and manage because they could not be incorporated into the design. In many cases it's necessary to transport heavy machinery, like, bulldozer, excavator, or dump track, if you need this to be done to Hungary, this should be told to the forwarder: szeretném, ha a nehézgép szállítás gyorsan lenne teljesítve.
Establish a safe working system for the use and maintenance of the machine. Maintenance may require verification of essential characteristics when deterioration is likely to entail risks. The employer should also examine the residual risks indicated by the manufacturer in the information or instructions supplied with the machine, and ensure that these are taken into account in the safety regulations. Make sure that each stationary machine has been installed correctly and that it is stable (in general, fixed). Choose the machine suited to the task to be performed and do not install machines in places where outside people could also be exposed to risks.
Make sure that the machine:
Does no risk to any job, whether it is installed, usually used, the removal of blocks, repairs or routine maintenance during the construction. Until you take some action to remove blockages, clean or change the computer is properly switched off, disconnected or locked.
The employer should also ensure that it has identified and managed the risks relating to:
Electric, hydraulic or pneumatic power supplies;
Poorly built security guards, who may not be useable or easily forgotten, may be exposed to the risk of injury or may cause workers to breach safety regulations. In this situation, the employer will assess why the workers do so and take the appropriate steps to fix it.
Prevent access to unsecured machine elements
The contractor should understand whether a computer is safe. In the following order, steps should be taken against exposure to dangerous materials. In some cases, a combination of these steps may be required:
Using fixed guards to enclose or cover dangerous items wherever possible (for example, secured with screws, nuts or bolts). Using the right materials to secure plastics-plastic is pleasant because it is transparent but can easily be damaged and translucent. Ensure sure the holes are small enough to avoid exposure to the motions if a wire mesh or a similar material is used.
If fixed guards cannot be mounted, using other methods, such as slaving the guard, to prevent the computer from starting before it has been in place and the guard doesn’t start. The computer still moves can be removed. For certain cases trigger systems can also be used, such as: photoelectrical devices, radars, pressure sensitive pads, automatic protections if it is not possible to add other protections. When security features are not able to offer complete protection, using models, lines, supports or pushers, when possible. Any remaining risk should be managed by providing information, guidance, training and monitoring to the worker or operator as well as suitable safety equipment.